Bear Harvest numbers were strong again this year in New York State, Department of
Environmental Conservation (DEC) Commissioner Joe Martens announced today. In 2010, bear hunters took more than 1,060 bears in the state.
“New York has excellent bear habitat and vast, accessible public lands that offer exciting
opportunities for bear hunting,” said Commissioner Martens. “Black bears are thriving in New
York, and they represent a great resource for all New Yorkers.”
Statewide, hunters took 1,064 black bears this past fall, similar to harvest levels of 2005-
2007. While overall population size plays a large role in harvest totals, annual variations in take are also strongly influenced by environmental factors that affect bear activity and hunting
pressure such as natural food availability and snow fall.
In the Southeastern bear hunting area (Catskills,) hunters took 401 bears, with roughly half of the harvest occurring during the bowhunting season and half during the regular firearms hunting season. In the Central-Western bear hunting area, hunters took 142 bears, with bowhunters responsible for about 65% of the harvest. Harvest in both areas was down approximately 20% from 2009.
In the Adirondack bear hunting area, the take of 521 bears was down approximately 35%
from 2009, but is consistent with the long-term average for that area. Bear harvest in the
Adirondacks seems heavily influenced by variations in key food resources, and this year’s
harvest follows those trends. In years when soft mast (apple, cherry, raspberry) is abundant, bear harvest during the early season tends to decrease. Cherry and raspberry were widely available in September and October, and bear take during the 2010 early season dropped approximately 40% from 2009, which was a year with a poor soft mast crop and high early season bear harvest.
Conversely, in years when beech nuts are abundant, bear take tends to increase during the regular season. This past fall was lacking for beechnut production, and bear take during the regular season dropped about 25% from 2009.
Hunters play a pivotal role in bear management through reporting their bear harvests.
Hunters also are asked to submit a tooth sample from their bear for DEC to determine the age of harvested bears. To encourage participation, DEC issues a New York State Black Bear
Cooperator Patch to all hunters who reported their harvest and submitted a tooth. More than 550 patches will be distributed for the 2010 hunting season. Eligible hunters will receive their patch in late summer 2011 when all the age data has been processed. The average age of bears harvested is typically 3-4 years old in the Southeastern and Central-Western areas, while bears harvested in the Adirondacks average about 5 years old.
In addition to harvest totals, DEC uses a variety of indices to measure bear populations.
Taxidermists and DEC wildlife personnel collect age and sex information from harvested bears, as well as movement data from tagged bears. This information is used to help DEC biologists manage bear populations and establish future hunting regulations to assure the management of black bears in New York State is at a level that is compatible with human interests.